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Updated: Aug 1, 2021

What is Erectile Dysfunction (ED)?

The failure to obtain or maintain a solid enough erection for sexual intercourse is known as erectile dysfunction (ED).

It's not unusual to experience ED occasionally. It's something that a lot of men go through when they're under a lot of pressure. However, frequent ED may be a sign of underlying health issues that need care. It may also be a sign of emotional or relationship issues that need clinical attention.

What causes an erection?

The increased blood flow into your penis creates an erection. Sexual thoughts or direct contact with your penis are both known to increase blood flow.

The muscles in the penis relax when a man is sexually aroused. This increases blood flow into the penile arteries, which fills two chambers inside the penis. The penis stiffens as the chambers fill with blood.

When the muscles contract and the accumulated blood will flow out of the penile veins, the erection will end.

What are the symptoms of ED?

You may have ED if you regularly experience:

  • having a hard time getting an erection

  • difficulty in keeping an erection during sexual intercourse

  • interest is sex diminished

Other sexual disorders related to ED include:

  • premature ejaculation (PE)

  • delayed ejaculation

  • anorgasmia, or the inability to achieve orgasm after optimal stimulation

Risk factors for developing ED

There are plenty of risk factors that would enhance the risks of getting ED. Blood flow and circulation are often linked to these risk factors. Injuries may also be a contributing factor.

Growing older is a significant risk factor for ED. It can become more difficult to obtain or sustain an erection as you get older. You will also note that getting an erection needs more direct stimulation.

The following are some additional ED risk factors:

  • diagnosed with a medical condition such as diabetes or cardiovascular disease

  • having a psychiatric disorder such as anxiety or depression

  • being overweight, particularly obese

Causes of ED

ED can be caused by a variety of factors, including both mental and medical issues. Among the most common causes are:


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